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CEDOVIP and its partner Raising Voices have Published a popular report of the findings from the SASA! Study: a cluster randomized controlled trial to assess the impact of a community mobilization intervention to prevent violence against women and reduce HIV risk in Kampala, Uganda
The report named “Is violence against women preventable?’ Findings from the SASA!
Study summarized for general audiences. The publication that will be disseminated starting February 2016 aims at offering the findings in a simpler version for general audiences.
3ie Impact Evaluation Report 24, 2015
The Centre for Domestic Violence Prevention in Kampala, Uganda implements SASA!, a community mobilisation intervention that seeks to change community attitudes, norms and behaviours that result in men’s power over women. This power imbalance is conceptualised as the root cause of violence against women, which supports HIV risk-related behaviours. SASA! challenges individuals and communities to think about their power and about how their use of power affects their intimate partners, as well as their interactions with community members.
The SASA! cluster randomised trial was conducted between 2008 and 2012 in two administrative divisions of Kampala. The authors, Charlotte Watts, Karen Devries, Ligia Kiss, Tanya Abramsky, Nambusi Kyegombe and Lori Michau, present results from this study that showed that SASA! reduced the reported social acceptance of physical violence in relationships among both women and men. The intervention also increased the social acceptance of the belief that there are circumstances when a woman can refuse sex from her partner.
Intimate partner violence (IPV) is a global issue that is estimated to affect around 30 percent of women during their lifetime. In sub-Saharan Africa this problem is compounded by the risk of contracting HIV. Whilst these two issues have been addressed separately, they are known to be closely linked. Interventions targeting individuals have sought to address both of these public health burdens with varying degrees of success. Now in a study in BMC Medicine, Charlotte Watts from the London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, UK, Lori Michau from Raising Voices, Uganda, and colleagues present the results of the first trial in sub-Saharan Africa to employ a community based intervention to reduce IPV and the associated risk of HIV, called the SASA! Study. Here Watts and Michau discuss why research into IPV has been neglected, the challenges and benefits of community based interventions in this field, and what's next for the SASA! Study.
In addition to the research, the Biome Q&A article with Charlotte Watts and Lori Michau is also live on this link:
Since 2004, I've worked as a grass roots activist for women's rights, working with both men and women to prevent violence against women in Uganda. I have come face to face with women who experience violence from their partners and many men who thought that controlling their partners and disciplining them whenever necessary, was normal. Shockingly, I heard many community members say that violence was expected, it's a private matter and a sign of love and that I shouldn't meddle in people's private lives.
Tina Musuya, one of the activists implementing the intervention in local communities writes about her personal experience of being involved in the study. click to see full Blog from Tina Musuya
Intimate partner violence (IPV) and HIV are important and interconnected public health concerns. While it is recognized that they share common social drivers, there is limited evidence surrounding the potential of community interventions to reduce violence and HIV risk at the community level. The SASA! study assessed the community-level impact of SASA!, a community mobilization intervention to prevent violence and reduce HIV-risk behaviors.
Find more on this research article on www.biomedcentral.com.